As one of 47 countries participating in the Bologna Process, Germany has successfully implemented the two-tier structure of Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees. By winter semester 2016/2017, 91 % (approx. 16,800) of all German study programmes led to a Bachelor’s or a Master’s degree. These new programmes proved to be attractive to international students.
The main objective of the European study reform (“Bologna Process”) has been to create a common European Higher Education Area, supporting mobility for students and teachers at an international level and promoting the mutual recognition of grades and exams across the member countries. (For more see www.ehea.info and bologna-bucharest2012.ehea.info).
But implementing the two-tier structure has just been the first step. German universities have taken up the challenges of the other Bologna action lines that the ministerial communiqués deal with, e.g. the promotion of mutual recognition across education sectors, the increasing diversity of the student population and, first of all,
the quality of the student experience.
An HRK working group assessed the progress made so far in implementing “Bologna” in Germany and presented its report in April 2013. In a second step, the group formulated recommendations for action which were adopted by the HRK in November 2013. The recommendations are addressed at the Federal Government and those of the Länder, at the leadership of higher education institutions and at higher education staff.